Post 51: October 25th, 2016

First order of business today was Algebra. I learned about graphing inequalities. So, here’s how you do it!

  1. Determine whether the boundary should be solid or dashed. Good shortcut: If it’s an “or equal to” it’s solid. If not, dashed. Graph this line.
  2. Pick a random point not on the boundary, and test it with the inequality. If it works, congratulations! Shade that side. If it doesn’t work, congratulations! Shade the other side!

Absolute value inequalities are even simpler.

  1. Determine if the boundary should be solid or dashed. < means dashed, > means solid. Graph it.
  2. Shade whatever side of the graph contains (0,0)

That’s it. Nice, simple, clean.

 

And onto our next topic, Game Design. Took a quiz to make sure I knew everything I learned recently, scored well, and I did some clean up, and implemented the game win screen. It’ll tell you “GOOD JOB, PLAY AGAIN?” or “YOU SUCK, PLAY AGAIN?” basically.

 

Lastly, Economics. I learned about demand today. Basically, people want stuff. Because stuff is good. But money is also good. And you use money to get stuff. So how do you determine if the stuff is worth your money? Who knows, but it has been shown that people will spend more money if they’ll get more bang for their buck. A billion dollars for a chocolate bar? To hell with that! 2 dollars for 50 chocolate bars? Yes please!

To make more sense out of… whatever I just wrote above, the demand for an item increases as the cost for that object goes down, up to a limit. Basically, you buy something because it’s useful, but more of it might not be as helpful. Buying 23 frying pans might not be a good idea, unless you really need them for something important.

Like making 23 pancakes at once.

Post 49: October 21st, 2016

Most of what I did today was visiting Georgia College again. Had a good time, got a new shirt, walked around the campus and a few of the buildings, lots of fun. Also had a good lunch at a place I unfortunately forget the name of. Great nachos.

I also did some economics. Today’s lesson covered non-profit organizations, and the different kinds there are. For example, community organizations which cover schools, churches, adoption agencies, etc. There are also credit unions, labor unions, and professional organizations like the American Bar Association, which regulates doctors. There are also business nonprofits like a chamber of commerce. The government is also a non-profit in some respects, like regulating certain things or providing utilities.

Post 48: October 20th, 2016 – Double Post

Forgot to put a post yesterday, but it wasn’t all that exciting. Did Don Quixote, Marine Biology, and Game Design as usual, and can be summed up as follows: Don Quixote and Sancho argue, then our knight steals a barber’s bowl to use as a helmet. As for ocean creatures, it talked about bacteria and other super small organisms, which make up the backbone of the marine ecosystem. After all, food has to come from somewhere. Now, Game Design: You can finally win, and you’ll get the option if you want to play again. No message yet, but it will be implemented eventually.

 

Now, on to what I did today. The main thing I did was work on essays for Georgia college, and fill out the common application some. Rather important. Anyways, the essays for Georgia College made me think. The two boil down to:

  • How would you contribute to diversity at Georgia College?
  • What is your goal at Georgia College?

For the first one, I am able to think of how I really haven’t had a normal schooling experience. For years I’ve been out of a physical school, doing online school for most of it, and just now doing “normal” home school. My last real experience in a classroom was elementary school.

As for the second one, I really want to get some stuff done in college. Namely, writing and campus life. I’ve never been away from home for an extended period, and I haven’t been around other people my age that much. My two best friends in elementary school were a few grades behind me and a grade ahead of me, and I didn’t have any friends in cyber school. I’ve had online friends, but none have been around my age. I’ve been in a writing class, but that was only once a week at best. Being on a campus should help my social life, at least a bit, while being in a completely different environment could help me right.

 

Next, Algebra. Scatter plots. Basically, take a set of data, makes dots on a graph corresponding to the data. If you’re lucky, there will be a pattern, and you can graph along that. Kind of a like a connect the dots where you just give up and draw what you think you’re supposed to be drawing.

Lastly, Economics. I learned about how businesses can grow and expand. One way is reinvestment. Namely, spend money to make money. You can put your money back in to a business in the hopes of it growing, like improving the quality of a machine so it runs more efficiently. Another way of growing the business is through merging. That is, combining two separate businesses together. There are two kinds. Horizontal mergers, where firms in the same kind of business combine and put their resources together are one kind. The other kind are vertical mergers, where firms which do different, but related things, are combined for added efficiency and security. Say, a dairy farm and an ice cream shop.

Mergers taken to the extreme are called Conglomerates, which are four or more separate businesses doing more-or-less unrelated things, but all are ultimately owned by the same company. There are also multinationals, giant corporations that are active in multiple countries.

Post 47: October 18th, 2016

First order of business today was economics. I learned about the three kinds of business organization. They are as follows.

  • Sole Proprietorship: A single person owns and runs the business, is responsible for everything, and taxes are simple.
  • Partnership: Two or more persons own a business with varying degrees of responsibility and blame, and taxes are, again, simple.
  • Corporation: A bunch of people own the company, which is managed by a board of directors, who hire management. Taxes are complex, as corporations are their own legal entity.

Next up, Algebra. Today, I learned about linear equations. There are two big things to know that were covered in this section:

  • Slope-Intercept Form: y = mx + b
    • m is equal to slope, and b is the y intercept.
  • Point-Slope Form: Y – Y1 = m(X – X1)
    • m is still equal to slope, while (X1, Y1) are a point on the line.

Post 45: October 14, 2016

First thing today was Don Quixote! Today’s Chapters can be summed up as follows:

  • Chapter XVI: Don Quixote and Sancho arrive at the inn, which Don Quixote insists is a castle. The people inside treat his wounds, and set him and Sancho up for the night in a room. Don Quixote, being his usual delusional self, believes that a servant girl entering the room at night is a princess that has fallen in love with him, grabs her and begins rambling. The man that the servant really came to see, who is unnamed, sees the servant girl struggling and attacks Don Quixote. This startles Sancho, the inn keeper arrives to see what’s going on, and everybody gets into a big fight. A member of the holy brotherhood of Toledo bursts into the room, and Don Quixote fakes being dead in order to avoid blame for what happened.
  • Chapter XVII: Don Quixote and Sancho talk for a bit about what happened, and the brotherhood member sees them talking casually and gets some things sorted out. Sancho and Don Quixote then try out a potion that Don Quixote creates. Don Quixote pukes his guts out, goes to sleep terribly ill, and wakes up feeling fine. Sancho doesn’t immediately puke, becomes incredibly sick, and barely survives the ordeal. Don Quixote claims that it’s because Sancho isn’t a knight. As they go to leave, the inn keeper asks them to pay. Don Quixote says “I am a knight, I do not pay for things!” and runs away. Sancho is too sick to do so, and is used by the workers of the inn to play a game where they send him into the air with a blanket. Don Quixote goes back to rescue him, and they both leave.

 

Next, Marine Biology! Today, I learned about the transfer of energy, and trophic relationships. Basically, stuff eating stuff that eats stuff.

So, there are two parts to this dog-eat-dog world that we live in. That is, the transfer of mass and the transfer of energy.

The transfer of mass is a cycle. Or you could say, a circle. Of life. As stuff eats stuff, for example, zooplankton eating phytoplankton. Consumer consuming producer. The zooplankton gains mass by eating it, and that mass is transferred to whatever eats the zooplankton, and so on until broken down by a decomposer. It then goes towards fueling phytoplankton, and it all works out.

Now, energy. Energy transfer is one way, and done through the molecule ATP. It doesn’t start with it however… it starts with… THE SUN! You see, plants take in carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight (through chlorophyll) and put out sugar, oxygen, and leftover water. Sugar (and oxygen, in the case of eukaryotic organisms) is then used by other organisms to produce energy in the form of ATP. That energy is then, in part, transferred up through the food chain/web, and used up along the way.

 

Lastly, Economics. Today, I learned about the American economic system in general. So, here we go!

  • There are five important characteristics. Economic freedom, voluntary exchange, private property, profit motive, and competition.
    • Economic freedom: Work where you want, spend how you want.
    • Voluntary exchange: Buyers and sellers freely doing business.
    • Private Property: If you own something, you can do whatever with it.
    • Profit Motive: People are encouraged to improve their economic status.
    • Competition: The struggle between sellers for customers.

Entrepreneurs are also very important in the American economic system. If an entrepreneur wins, everybody wins. The entrepreneur makes money, workers get jobs, consumers get new/better products. Even the government gets more tax money, so that they can do what they need to.

Of course, consumers are super important too. They are important in that they are all, in effect, voters. If you buy something, you let the seller know that people are willing to spend money for their product, which encourages them (and others) to jump on that bandwagon.

Lastly, the role of the government. They provide four main roles:

  • Protector: The government keeps people safe, from false advertising, unsafe products, and natural disasters. Also, unfairly losing your job.
  • Provider: The government supplies what people need, like law enforcement, national defense, funds agriculture, etc.
  • Regulator: The government has a rather important job, in that they keep competition a thing, so that nobody has too much power. It also controls interstate commerce, and some industries like banking and nuclear power.
  • Consumer: The government buys things. The government uses resources just like anyone else, and is the second biggest consumer in the economy.

Post 44: October 13th, 2016

First order of business today was Algebra. I learned about linear equations. Now, what are linear equations, you may ask? Complicated.

Let me go into more depth. A linear equation, by definition, has no operations besides addition, subtraction, and multiplication of a variable by a constant. You’re not allows to multiply variables together, or appear as a denominator. Additionally, variables cannot have exponents greater than one. The really big defining feature of a linear equation is in the name. When you graph it, it will always be a straight line. No curves or rapid twists, just a line.

Another big part of linear equations is standard form. All linear equations can be expressed in standard form, which looks like Ax + By = C, where A, B, and C are real numbers/integers, A is greater than or equal to zero, and A and B are not both zero.

Also important, X and Y intercepts. The X intercept is where the line crosses the X axis when you graph it, or when Y = zero. The Y intercept is reversed. It’s where the line crosses the Y axis, or when X = zero.

 

Now, on to other topics. Like game design! Now, what I did today mostly amounted to setting up the different error conditions, and I have an error loop going. If you make a guess of the wrong length, then the game will not advance your try number, but it will keep from crashing. Instead, it just asks you for a guess until you put in a proper one. Quite nice.

Also did some tidying up, but it mostly amounted to reorganizing, renaming, and such.

 

Lastly, economics. What I read today covered what a lot of people think in the united states about general economic ideas. There are 7 in the book:

  • Economic Freedom: You can choose where to work, what to buy, owners can choose where and how they produce goods.
  • Economic¬†Efficiency: Resources are scarce, and must be used/harvested wisely.
  • Economic Equity: Equal pay for equal work, minimum wage, no lying in advertising.
  • Economic Security:¬†Protection from adverse economic effects like layoffs, illness, etc. Social security is a big part in this.
  • Full Employment: You get a job! You get a job!¬†You get a job! Everyone gets a job!
  • Price Stability: Nobody likes inflation, it makes it hard for people living on a fixed income to… well, live. People like price stability.
  • Economic Growth: People want more. More money, better car, bigger home, other fun stuff. For example, more video games. People want the economy to get better so that they can get more stuff they love.

There are some conflicts between these goals however. Take, for example, a car company. A foreign car company might want to sell cars in the US. If you let them do that, it takes jobs away from the US car market. However, if you don’t, you restrict economic freedom by not letting people buy those cars. Many difficult questions and more in the wonderful world of economics!

Post 42: October 11th, 2016

First bit of business for the day, Algebra II!

So, here’s the daily note card!

Covered relations and functions today. Fun facts!

  • Relations
    • The coordinate plane is specifically the Cartesian coordinate plane. Composed of the X (horizontal) axis and the Y (vertical) axis.
    • A relation is any set of ordered pairs. Usually represented as (X, Y), or as an example, (5, 10).
    • The X value is known as the domain, while the Y value is known as the range.
  • Function
    • A function is defined as a type of relation in which each element of the domain is paired with ONE element of range.
      • Examples:
        • One-To-One: ((-3, 1), (0, 2), (2,4)),
        • Not One-To-One: ((-1, 5), (1, 3), (4, 5))
        • Not even a thing: ((5, 6), (-3, 0), (-3, 6))
      • Example 2 is a function because each X value only corresponds to one Y value. It just so happens that in two cases, that Y value is 5.
      • Example 3 is invalid because an x value (-3) is attached to 2 Y values (0 and 6).
    • The Vertical Line Test
      • The test can be summarized as follows: If you graph something, if it’s a function than you can draw a vertical line at any point on the graph, and it will only pass through one point.
      • If it passes through more than one point, whatever you just graphed isn’t a function.
    • F(X)
      • When describing a function as an equation, you might do, for example, Y= 4X+4.
      • In some cases, people will write it as F(X) = 4x + 4
      • This doesn’t change the equation at all, F(X) is meant to be read as “F of X”, shorthand for “function of X”. It’s just meant to say that the equation is the function of X, how things are working.

Next up, Game Design! So, what did I do today? Big things!

Very big things!

I’m being serious here.

The game finally lives up to it’s name! You can make guesses, and it will tell you how many bulls (letters in the right place) and cows (letters in the wrong place) you get! It’s still a touch buggy, and needs improvements, like not taking guesses of the wrong length and such, but this is a gigantic leap!

 

Anyways, last was economics. Covered the types of economies today. Traditional, Command, Market, and Mixed.

 

  • Traditional: People are assigned certain economic roles, which makes for a rather stable life. However, it is rigid, stagnant, and tends to have a low quality of life.
  • Command: Can change massively very quickly, and many basic needs are available for free or cheap. On the downside, a command economy does not meet the desires of consumers, tends to lack incentives to work, and requires a massive bureaucracy.
  • Market: Adjusts to change gradually, individual freedom plenty, little government interference, large variety of stuff. On the other hand, only productive things are rewarded. Old, sick, and young are at a disadvantage. Public services are at a disadvantage if they aren’t profitable (road building), and the competition between businesses puts jobs and profits at risk.
  • Mixed: A combination of the above three. Has advantages and disadvantages of the above three, with some sacrifices to accommodate.

Post 40: October 7th, 2016

The first matter of business today was Game Design. The big thing that I did today was introduce type aliases, so that my code will run properly while still being up to the unreal engine’s standards. This including replacing int with int32, and replaced string with FText.

It also has the benefit, in the case of FText, with making things shorter. As I’m no longer automatically using spaces, I had to put std::string each time instead of just string. It’s a lot simpler now.

 

Next, Algebra. The big take away from today was the properties of equality. Lots of properties in algebra, from my experience. So, these properties are:

  • Reflexive: A = A, a number is equal to itself. 10 = 10, 14 = 14, 16 = 16. If the Reflexive property ever stops working, check to see if physics still functions properly. If it doesn’t, please get somebody to help.
  • Symmetric: It doesn’t matter what order you put the equals sign in. A + B = C is also equal to C = A + B.
  • Transitive: If something is equal to two other things, than those two things are also equal to each other. if A = B, and B = C, then A = C.
  • Substitution: If two things are equal, you can use them in place of the other. if A + B = C, you can also just say that C = C.

 

And now, on to Economics! The big lesson of the day was that of trade offs and opportunity costs.

Trade offs are the alternate choices for things we do. Instead of eating a sandwich for lunch, you could have a bowl of soup. Or, perhaps, a nice casserole. I’m kind of hungry, in case you couldn’t tell.

There are also opportunity costs. Opportunity costs are related to trade offs, in that they are the next best alternative. Say that you decide to eat a delightful plate of lasagna. But because you had that plate of lasagna, you don’t get to have a sandwich.

 

Well, I mean, you could, but that might give you a stomach ache.

Post 39: October 6th, 2016

The first order of business today was oceanography. The big take away from today is that the ocean moves a lot. A few good things to know about waves:

  • Wavelength is the distance between the top or bottom of one wave to the next wave’s top or bottom.
  • Period is the time it takes for x part of one wave to go through where x part of another wave was previously.
  • Waves don’t really move that much water in the open ocean, and the water moves in circles, which is useful for mixing.
  • Waves really start moving water when they enter shallower waters. to quote the textbook, “When the water depth is less than one half the wavelength, bottom friction begins to slow to forward speed of the waves.”.

And now the Coriolis effect. To summarize, it is the movement of the air deflecting the flow of water to the right in the northern hemisphere, and left in the south hemisphere.

I learned about the different areas of the marine environment as well. These include the intertidal zones, near the shore, the photic zone, near the surface of the water, the benthic division, in other words the sea floor, and the pelagic division, the entirety of the water in the ocean.

 

Next, economics! Scarcity summary, go! Infinite want outweighs finite resources. Let’s say… everybody loves ice cream, and wants ice cream. But obviously, we do not have infinite ice cream. It would be wonderful if we did, but we don’t.

Also, one should remember TINSTAAFL. There Is No Such Thing As A Free Lunch. Even if you think you’re getting something for free, you aren’t. Nothing in this world is free, and there was some kind of investment of time, resources, etc that aren’t the money you pay right now. An example would be a buy one get one free deal, but to compensate they increase the price of everything else by a little bit.